Does student orientation improve nursing image and positively influence the enrolment of nursing students in the university? An observational study

Ivan Rubbi, Gianandrea Pasquinelli, Valeria Cremonini, Flavio Fortunato, Lorenzo Gatti, Federica Lepanto, Giovanna Artioli, Antonio Bonacaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aim of the study: Nursing has not yet received full social recognition and in general the public opinion does not have a completely positive perception of it, which regards it as an auxiliary profession to the medical profession. This study aims to investigate the image of the nurse among year 4 and 5 high school students. Methods: Two groups of students were interviewed, one at their institution without any previous orientation (n = 102) and one at the University of Bologna during orientation day (n = 388). A validated questionnaire (Nursing Attitude Questionnaire) of 30 items was delivered. Two additional questions were added to explore the possibility of advising relatives and acquaintances to become a nurse and therefore to choose the nursing degree course. Results: All areas of the NAQ scored significantly higher in the group where students attended the orientation day, especially the ones related to the professional role, stereotypes and professional value items. Female students ≥ 21 had a more positive image of the nurse. Both groups recognized that nurses are important figures for patients and that they are intelligent people, who must have a degree in order to carry out their work duties. Differences between the groups were recorded. Students in group 1 did not accept nursing autonomy while students in group 2 understood differences between nursing and medical careers, attributing to them the same value. A positive correlation between the positive image of the nursing profession and the interest in becoming nurses or advising others to undertake the nursing course was found. In conclusion, orientation is effective in helping high school students in the choice of their university courses. Regarding nursing, strategies to improve the image of the nurse and enrollment should be combined during orientation day with current up to date communication and learning tools, such as social media and simulation laboratories. Furthermore, it appears increasingly important to extend orientation and tutoring activities to junior high school students, families and teachers. (www.actabiomedica.it).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-77
Number of pages10
JournalActa Biomedica
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 9 2019

Fingerprint

Nursing Students
Observational Studies
Nursing
Students
Nurses
Social Media
Professional Role
Public Opinion
Communication
Learning

Keywords

  • High school students
  • Nursing attitude questionnaire
  • Nursing profession perception
  • Orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Does student orientation improve nursing image and positively influence the enrolment of nursing students in the university? An observational study. / Rubbi, Ivan; Pasquinelli, Gianandrea; Cremonini, Valeria; Fortunato, Flavio; Gatti, Lorenzo; Lepanto, Federica; Artioli, Giovanna; Bonacaro, Antonio.

In: Acta Biomedica, Vol. 90, 09.07.2019, p. 68-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rubbi, Ivan ; Pasquinelli, Gianandrea ; Cremonini, Valeria ; Fortunato, Flavio ; Gatti, Lorenzo ; Lepanto, Federica ; Artioli, Giovanna ; Bonacaro, Antonio. / Does student orientation improve nursing image and positively influence the enrolment of nursing students in the university? An observational study. In: Acta Biomedica. 2019 ; Vol. 90. pp. 68-77.
@article{0b06fabc09b94e71b18c42fbce0ee36b,
title = "Does student orientation improve nursing image and positively influence the enrolment of nursing students in the university? An observational study",
abstract = "Background and aim of the study: Nursing has not yet received full social recognition and in general the public opinion does not have a completely positive perception of it, which regards it as an auxiliary profession to the medical profession. This study aims to investigate the image of the nurse among year 4 and 5 high school students. Methods: Two groups of students were interviewed, one at their institution without any previous orientation (n = 102) and one at the University of Bologna during orientation day (n = 388). A validated questionnaire (Nursing Attitude Questionnaire) of 30 items was delivered. Two additional questions were added to explore the possibility of advising relatives and acquaintances to become a nurse and therefore to choose the nursing degree course. Results: All areas of the NAQ scored significantly higher in the group where students attended the orientation day, especially the ones related to the professional role, stereotypes and professional value items. Female students ≥ 21 had a more positive image of the nurse. Both groups recognized that nurses are important figures for patients and that they are intelligent people, who must have a degree in order to carry out their work duties. Differences between the groups were recorded. Students in group 1 did not accept nursing autonomy while students in group 2 understood differences between nursing and medical careers, attributing to them the same value. A positive correlation between the positive image of the nursing profession and the interest in becoming nurses or advising others to undertake the nursing course was found. In conclusion, orientation is effective in helping high school students in the choice of their university courses. Regarding nursing, strategies to improve the image of the nurse and enrollment should be combined during orientation day with current up to date communication and learning tools, such as social media and simulation laboratories. Furthermore, it appears increasingly important to extend orientation and tutoring activities to junior high school students, families and teachers. (www.actabiomedica.it).",
keywords = "High school students, Nursing attitude questionnaire, Nursing profession perception, Orientation",
author = "Ivan Rubbi and Gianandrea Pasquinelli and Valeria Cremonini and Flavio Fortunato and Lorenzo Gatti and Federica Lepanto and Giovanna Artioli and Antonio Bonacaro",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "9",
doi = "10.23750/abm.v90i6-S.8568",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "68--77",
journal = "Acta Biomedica de l'Ateneo Parmense",
issn = "0392-4203",
publisher = "L'Ateneo Parmense",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does student orientation improve nursing image and positively influence the enrolment of nursing students in the university? An observational study

AU - Rubbi, Ivan

AU - Pasquinelli, Gianandrea

AU - Cremonini, Valeria

AU - Fortunato, Flavio

AU - Gatti, Lorenzo

AU - Lepanto, Federica

AU - Artioli, Giovanna

AU - Bonacaro, Antonio

PY - 2019/7/9

Y1 - 2019/7/9

N2 - Background and aim of the study: Nursing has not yet received full social recognition and in general the public opinion does not have a completely positive perception of it, which regards it as an auxiliary profession to the medical profession. This study aims to investigate the image of the nurse among year 4 and 5 high school students. Methods: Two groups of students were interviewed, one at their institution without any previous orientation (n = 102) and one at the University of Bologna during orientation day (n = 388). A validated questionnaire (Nursing Attitude Questionnaire) of 30 items was delivered. Two additional questions were added to explore the possibility of advising relatives and acquaintances to become a nurse and therefore to choose the nursing degree course. Results: All areas of the NAQ scored significantly higher in the group where students attended the orientation day, especially the ones related to the professional role, stereotypes and professional value items. Female students ≥ 21 had a more positive image of the nurse. Both groups recognized that nurses are important figures for patients and that they are intelligent people, who must have a degree in order to carry out their work duties. Differences between the groups were recorded. Students in group 1 did not accept nursing autonomy while students in group 2 understood differences between nursing and medical careers, attributing to them the same value. A positive correlation between the positive image of the nursing profession and the interest in becoming nurses or advising others to undertake the nursing course was found. In conclusion, orientation is effective in helping high school students in the choice of their university courses. Regarding nursing, strategies to improve the image of the nurse and enrollment should be combined during orientation day with current up to date communication and learning tools, such as social media and simulation laboratories. Furthermore, it appears increasingly important to extend orientation and tutoring activities to junior high school students, families and teachers. (www.actabiomedica.it).

AB - Background and aim of the study: Nursing has not yet received full social recognition and in general the public opinion does not have a completely positive perception of it, which regards it as an auxiliary profession to the medical profession. This study aims to investigate the image of the nurse among year 4 and 5 high school students. Methods: Two groups of students were interviewed, one at their institution without any previous orientation (n = 102) and one at the University of Bologna during orientation day (n = 388). A validated questionnaire (Nursing Attitude Questionnaire) of 30 items was delivered. Two additional questions were added to explore the possibility of advising relatives and acquaintances to become a nurse and therefore to choose the nursing degree course. Results: All areas of the NAQ scored significantly higher in the group where students attended the orientation day, especially the ones related to the professional role, stereotypes and professional value items. Female students ≥ 21 had a more positive image of the nurse. Both groups recognized that nurses are important figures for patients and that they are intelligent people, who must have a degree in order to carry out their work duties. Differences between the groups were recorded. Students in group 1 did not accept nursing autonomy while students in group 2 understood differences between nursing and medical careers, attributing to them the same value. A positive correlation between the positive image of the nursing profession and the interest in becoming nurses or advising others to undertake the nursing course was found. In conclusion, orientation is effective in helping high school students in the choice of their university courses. Regarding nursing, strategies to improve the image of the nurse and enrollment should be combined during orientation day with current up to date communication and learning tools, such as social media and simulation laboratories. Furthermore, it appears increasingly important to extend orientation and tutoring activities to junior high school students, families and teachers. (www.actabiomedica.it).

KW - High school students

KW - Nursing attitude questionnaire

KW - Nursing profession perception

KW - Orientation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069588270&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069588270&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.23750/abm.v90i6-S.8568

DO - 10.23750/abm.v90i6-S.8568

M3 - Article

C2 - 31292417

AN - SCOPUS:85069588270

VL - 90

SP - 68

EP - 77

JO - Acta Biomedica de l'Ateneo Parmense

JF - Acta Biomedica de l'Ateneo Parmense

SN - 0392-4203

ER -