Does the anatomic makeup of parenchymal lung strips affect oscillatory mechanics during induced constriction?

F. G. Salerno, M. Dallaire, M. S. Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Parenchymal tissue strips have been used to investigate the mechanical behavior of the lung parenchyma. We questioned whether the relative amounts of alveolar, blood vessel, and bronchial walls would be important when the contractile response of parenchymal strips from Sprague-Dawley rats was studied. One group of strips was cut from the subpleural edge and another from between 1 and 3 mm proximal to the pleura. Strips were suspended in an organ hath filled with Krebs solution (37°C, pH 7.4) bubbled with 95% O2- 5% CO2. Resting tension (T) was set at 1.1 g, and sinusoidal oscillations of 2.5% resting length at a frequency of l Hz were applied. Measurements of length and T were recorded during baseline conditions and after acetylcholine (10-3 M) was added to the bath. Elastance, resistance, and hysteresivity (the ratio of the energy dissipated to that conserved) were calculated. Strips were fixed in Formalin at a T of 1 g, histological sections were prepared, and the fractional areas of alveolar, blood vessel, and bronchial walls were measured by using point counting. Significant differences were found between the two groups of strips in the acetylcholine response and anatomic makeup. The magnitude of the changes of all the mechanical parameters were correlated with the volume proportions of the different anatomic constituents when all the strips were plotted together but not when the subpleural strips were considered alone. We conclude that subpleural parenchymal strips are a sound model of parenchymal lung behavior. When more proximal strips are studied, the amount of bronchial wall may play an important role in determining the hysteretic response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-72
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume79
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • acetylcholine
  • airway smooth muscle
  • hysteresis
  • structure-function correlation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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