Does the antimigraine action of flunarizine involve the dopaminergic system? A clinical-neuroendocrinological study

L. M. Cupini, E. Troisi, F. Placidi, M. Diomedi, M. Silvestrini, G. Argiro, G. Bernardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have investigated the prolactin response to bromocriptine (BRC), a D2 dopamine receptor agonist in migrainous women before and after treatment with flunarizine. We evaluated whether this test was predictive of therapeutic efficacy of flunarizine treatment and whether the therapeutic response to flunarizine treatment was related to its effect on dopaminergic system at tuberoinfundibular level. Ten migrainous women underwent a BRC test in the late follicular phase before and after 1 and 3 months of treatment with flunarizine 10 mg at bedtime. Blood samples of prolactin (PRL), growth hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol and progesterone were taken at basal condition. PRL was also evaluated 1 and 2 h after BRC (2.5 mg) administration. Each patient kept a daily headache diary for 1 month prior to the test and throughout the study. The level of PRL inhibition after BRC administration, observed before flunarizine treatment, was not predictive of the therapeutic response observed after 1 and 3 months of treatment. The effect of flunarizine on PRL level was not related to the therapeutic efficacy of the drug. These data suggest that flunarizine does not attenuate the activity of dopaminergic neurons in migrainous patients, and that the antimigraine effect of flunarizine does not seem related to its action on dopaminergic system at least at tuberoinfundibular level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-31
Number of pages5
JournalCephalalgia
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Bromocriptine
  • Flunarizine
  • Migrainous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Cupini, L. M., Troisi, E., Placidi, F., Diomedi, M., Silvestrini, M., Argiro, G., & Bernardi, G. (1999). Does the antimigraine action of flunarizine involve the dopaminergic system? A clinical-neuroendocrinological study. Cephalalgia, 19(1), 27-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-2982.1999.1901027.x