Background: Dolutegravir (DTG) is a next-generation HIV integrase inhibitor (INI) with an increased genetic barrier to resistance with respect to raltegravir (RAL) or elvitegravir (EVG). Few data are available on the durability of DTG-containing regimens. Objectives: We aimed at investigating the duration of the DTG-containing regimen, the occurrence of an HIV-1 RNA blip, and factors associated with DTG virological response. Study design: From the Antiviral Response Cohort Analysis database, we selected 89 HIV-1-positive four-class-experienced subjects who started DTG after receiving RAL or EVG. Factors associated with durability and virological response were analysed by logistic regression. Results: After a median duration of 18.8 [0.4–76.2] months, 79/89 (88.8%) subjects were still on DTG. All subjects remaining on DTG at the end of follow-up had undetectable HIV-1 RNA, compared to 5/10 subjects who discontinued DTG. DTG discontinuation was less frequent in patients who had experienced ≥10 regimens (HR 0.11, p = 0.040). The probability of having an HIV-1 RNA positive value at the last follow-up significantly increased in patients with non-B HIV-1 subtype (HR 5.77, p <.001) and significantly decreased in patients with CD4 nadir >200/μL (HR 0.29, p = 0.038), with more than 10 previous regimens (HR 0.27, p = 0.040), and who harbored virus with IN mutations (HR 0.12, p = 0.023) at DTG start. Conclusions: After previous exposure to first-generation INIs, treatment with DTG showed long durability and did not show virological rebound after virological suppression. Subjects infected with a non-B HIV-1 subtype had a greater risk of having detectable HIV-1 RNA at the last observation.
- Drug resistance
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1
- Virological response
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases