Domain-specific ccn3 antibodies as unique tools for structural and functional studies

Noureddine Lazar, Cristina Manara, Samuel Navarro, Anne Marie Bleau, Antonio Llombart-Bosch, Katia Scotlandi, Nathalie Planque, Bernard Perbal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CCN3 is a member of the CCN family of cell growth and differentiation regulators that play key roles during embryonic development, and are associated with severe human pathologies. The level of CCN genes’ expression is of prognostic value in several types of tumors. In the present manuscript, we report the isolation and characterization of a new set of antibodies targeted against each individual module of the human CCN3 protein. The need for module-specific antibodies stemmed from recent reports indicating that the expression of truncated CCN variant proteins was associated with development of cancers. Each of the four CCN3 modules were expressed as GST fusion proteins and used for rabbits immunization. Polyclonal IgGs purified by two rounds of affinity– chromatography specifically detected both the individual CCN3 domains and the full length CCN3 protein expressed in mammalian cell lines and tissues, as well as recombinant full length and truncated CCN3 proteins. The purified module-specific antibodies were successfully used for Western blotting, immunoprecipitation, immunofluores-cence and immunocytochemistry. These antibodies permitted the detection of CCN3 proteins under native and denaturing conditions, and confirmed the sublocalisation of CCN3 proteins in the extracellular compartment, at the cell membrane, in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus of positive cells. Immunocytochemistry and Western blotting studies performed with the module-specific antibodies identified truncated CCN3 proteins in kidney tumor samples. The detection of these rearranged variants provides clues for their involvement in tumorigenesis. Therefore, these antibodies constitute unique tools for the identification of truncated CCN3 proteins in human tissues and may be of great interest in molecular medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-102
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • CCN3/Nov/CCN
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Polyclonal antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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