Dopamine and somatostatin analogues resistance of pituitary tumors: Focus on cytoskeleton involvement

Erika Peverelli, Donatella Treppiedi, Elena Giardino, Eleonora Vitali, Andrea G. Lania, Giovanna Mantovani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pituitary tumors, that origin from excessive proliferation of a specific subtype of pituitary cell, are mostly benign tumors, but may cause significant morbidity in affected patients, including visual and neurologic manifestations from mass-effect, or endocrine syndromes caused by hormone hypersecretion. Dopamine (DA) receptor DRD2 and somatostatin (SS) receptors (SSTRs) represent the main targets of pharmacological treatment of pituitary tumors since they mediate inhibitory effects on both hormone secretion and cell proliferation, and their expression is retained by most of these tumors. Although long-acting DA and SS analogs are currently used in the treatment of prolactin (PRL)- and growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary tumors, respectively, clinical practice indicates a great variability in the frequency and entity of favorable responses. The molecular basis of the pharmacological resistance are still poorly understood, and several potential molecular mechanisms have been proposed, including defective expression or genetic alterations of DRD2 and SSTRs, or an impaired signal transduction. Recently, a role for cytoskeleton protein filamin A (FLNA) in DRD2 and SSTRs receptors expression and signaling in PRL- and GH-secreting tumors, respectively, has been demonstrated, first revealing a link between FLNA expression and responsiveness of pituitary tumors to pharmacological therapy. This review provides an overview of the known molecular events involved in SS and DA resistance, focusing on the role played by FLNA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00187
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume6
Issue numberDEC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Dopamine
  • DRD2
  • Filamin A
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Somatostatin
  • SSTRs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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