The use of substances capable to significant improving sport performances remarkably increased after the Second World War and has been accompanied by similarly pronounced adverse effects. Biotechnologies, and recombinant DNA techniques have made possible to synthesize erithropoietin as well as other human proteins, which induce a very pronounced enhancement in sport performances whis is accompanied by similary pronoucede difficulties in identification. An additional concern arises from the translation of genetic molecular medicine in sport science in terms of gene doping methods. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) imposed to the world of sport prohibitions concerning the use of substances and methods, achieving a limited success because of the difficulties in demonstrating illicit behaviours deriving from the use of nutritional supplements containing prohibited substances. It is therefore unfortunately likely the use of doping will continue in spite of the use of restrictions, and that gene methods will be a serious threat to the health in the world of sport.
|Translated title of the contribution||Doping: From substances of natural origin to genetic engineering|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Policlinico - Sezione Medica|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas