The pharmacokinetics of the novel anticancer agent, flavone acetic acid (FAA) were investigated in Balb-c mice treated with i. v. doses of 100 mg/kg or 300 mg/kg, using an HPLC assay. The kinetics of disappearance from plasma was monoexponential and dose-dependent. After 100 mg/kg, the plasma peak level was 250±11 μg/ml, t1/2 was 0.5 h, and AUC was 309 μg/ml per h. After 300 mg/kg, the plasma peak level was 710±57 μg/ml, t1/2 was 2.1 h, and the area under the curve (AUC) 1771 μg/ml h. Mouse plasma protein binding of FAA was about 70%. As is the case with plasma, in all tissues analyzed, the FAA-AUC values were disproportinately greater after 300 mg/kg than after 100 mg/kg. The highest drug concentrations were found in the liver and small intestine; concentrations were intermediate in lung, heart, and spleen, and lowest in brain. Less than 5% of the FAA dose was eliminated as unchanged drug in the stool. Total excretion of FAA as unchanged drug in the urine collected up to 96 h after drug treatment corresponded to 75% and 60% of the i. v. doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg, respectively. A minor fraction of FAA dose, corresponding to 1% and 6% of the two doses, was eliminated in the urine as a FAA glucuronide or sulfate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research