Dose optimization is effective in ulcerative colitis patients losing response to infliximab: A collaborative multicentre retrospective study

Monica Cesarini, Konstantinos Katsanos, Konstantinos Papamichael, Pierre Ellul, Peter L. Lakatos, Flavio Caprioli, Uri Kopylov, Epameinondas Tsianos, Gerassimos J. Mantzaris, Shomron Ben-Horin, Silvio Danese, Gionata Fiorino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Subjects maintained on infliximab scheduled therapy for inflammatory bowel disease may require dose optimization due to secondary loss of response. There are limited data on infliximab dose optimization for ulcerative colitis. Aims: To investigate dose optimization in ulcerative colitis patients with secondary loss of response. Methods: This was a retrospective multicentre study. Primary outcome was rapid clinical response assessed at the next administration of infliximab after dose intensification. Secondary outcomes were rapid clinical remission, and clinical response, remission and colectomy rate by week 52. Doubling the dose (10. mg/kg q8 weeks) vs. shortening the dose interval (5. mg/kg every 6 or 4 weeks) were compared. Results: Forty-one patients from eight centres were enrolled (15 for double dose and 26 for interval shortening). Rapid response was achieved in 37/41 patients (90.2%), while 19/41 (46.3%) achieved rapid clinical remission. At week 52, 28/41 patients were maintained in clinical remission, but 4 (9.8%) underwent colectomy. No difference was found between the two optimization strategies. Subjects achieving rapid clinical response had a significantly higher colectomy-free rate at week 52 (p= 0.002). Conclusion: Dose optimization of infliximab was effective to restore clinical response or remission and to prevent colectomy in ulcerative colitis patients with secondary loss of response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Dose optimization
  • Infliximab
  • Loss of response
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dose optimization is effective in ulcerative colitis patients losing response to infliximab: A collaborative multicentre retrospective study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this