Dose to organs at risk in the upper abdomen in patients treated with extended fields by helical tomotherapy: A dosimetric and clinical preliminary study

Sara Bresciani, Elisabetta Garibaldi, Gabriella Cattari, Angelo Maggio, Amalia Di Dia, Elena Delmastro, Domenico Gabriele, Michele Stasi, Pietro Gabriele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of this work was to determine the technical feasibility and safety of extended-field radiotherapy (EF), performed by Helical TomoTherapy, in patients with positive pelvic and/or para-aortic nodes. Dosimetric data were collected and acute and sub-acute toxicities of the upper abdominal organs at risk (OAR) were evaluated.Methods: Twenty-nine patients suitable for EF irradiation for local disease and/or nodal disease in the pelvic or para-aortic area were treated. The prescription dose was 50.4/54 Gy (1.7-1.8 Gy/fraction) for prophylactic lymph nodes (N-) and 60-70.5 Gy (2-2.35 Gy/fraction) for clinically evident gross disease (N+). Modulation factor (MF), pitch and field width (FW) were chosen to optimize dose distribution and treatment duration. Dose values of PTVs and OAR were analysed. The length of the treatment field, the N + and N- volumes, and treatment duration were reported. To evaluate the safety of treatment, haematological, hepatic, renal and pancreatic functions were assessed before, during and after treatment. The median follow-up time was 17.6 months (range: 6-22 months).Results: The treatment was well tolerated and all patients but one completed treatment without interruption. Four of the 29 patients experienced G3 haematological acute toxicity (13.8%), but no patient experienced sub-acute grade G3 toxicity. Ten patients experienced G1 and three G2 acute gastrointestinal toxicity (nausea). No sub-acute gastrointestinal or renal toxicity was observed. Only one (3.7%) patient had a persistent slight increase of pancreatic enzymes and two (7.4%) patients a slight increase of hepatic enzymes six months after radiotherapy (G1 toxicity).Conclusions: With our treatment design and dose regimen, we found that EF treatment by TomoTherapy could be safely and effectively delivered with minimal acute and sub-acute toxicities in the upper abdomen area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number247
JournalRadiation Oncology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 25 2013

Keywords

  • Extended fields
  • Helical TomoTherapy
  • Toxicity
  • Upper abdominal organ at risks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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