Dosimetric characterization of small fields using a plastic scintillator detector: A large multicenter study

Pietro Mancosu, Massimo Pasquino, Giacomo Reggiori, Laura Masi, Serenella Russo, Michele Stasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose In modern radiation therapy accurate small fields dosimetry is a challenge and its standardization is fundamental to harmonize delivered dose in different institutions. This study presents a multicenter characterization of MLC-defined small field for Elekta and Varian linear accelerators. Measurements were performed using the Exradin W1 plastic scintillator detector. Materials and methods The project enrolled 24 Italian centers. Each center performed Tissue Phantom Ratio (TPR), in-plane and cross-plane dose profiles of 0.8 × 0.8 cm2 field, and Output Factor (OF) measurements for square field sizes ranging from 0.8 to 10 cm. Set-up conditions were 10 cm depth in water phantom at SSD 90 cm. Measurements were performed using two twin Exradin W1 plastic scintillator detectors (PSD) correcting for the Cerenkov effect as proposed by the manufacturer. Results Data analysis from 12 Varian and 12 Elekta centers was performed. Measurements of 7 centers were not included due to cable problems. TPR measurements showed standard deviations (SD) < 1%; SD < 0.4 mm for the profile penumbra was obtained, while FWHM measurements showed SD < 0.5 mm. OF measurements showed SD < 1.5% for field size greater than 2 × 2 cm2. Median OFs values were in agreement with the recent bibliography. Conclusions High degree of consistency was registered for all the considered parameters. This work confirmed the importance of multicenter dosimetric intercomparison. W1 PSD could be considered as a good candidate for small field measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica Medica
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Multicenter intercomparison
  • Plastic scintillator detector
  • Small field output factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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