Double determinant immunoassay to measure a human high-molecular-weight melanoma-associated antigen

P. Giacomini, A. K. Ng, R. R S Kantor, P. G. Natali, S. Ferrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using monoclonal antibodies to distinct determinants of a human high-molecular weight melanoma-associated antigen (HMW-MAA), a double determinant immunoassay has been developed. The assay is specific and reproducible. Its sensitivity is influenced by the incubation time of antibodies with antigen sources and the combination of antibodies, as well as by the pH of the buffer and the incubation time used to coat plates with antibodies. Testing with the double determinant immunoassay of Nonidet P-40 extracts of human cell lines and of surgically removed normal and malignant tissues has confirmed the restricted tissue distribution of the HMW-MAA. In addition, significant differences have been found in the level of HMW-MAA in melanoma cell lines, as well as in melanoma lesions removed from different patients and from different sites of a given patient. The amount of HMW-MAA shed by various melanoma cell lines does not correlate with their cell surface expression and with their level in Nonidet P-40 extracts. Interferon and hyperthermia increase the shedding of the HMW-MAA by melanoma cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3586-3590
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume43
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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