Background: Hereditary hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome is an autosomic dominant disorder caused by heterogeneous mutations on the iron-responsive element (IRE) of ferritin L-chain mRNA. The mutations described to date were identified by direct sequencing of DNA from probands with hyperferritinemia often associated to bilateral cataracts. A direct genetic approach on a large population is useful to recognize polymorphisms in the DNA region and the prevalence of mutations associated with minor increases in serum ferritin and subclinical cataracts. We developed a rapid DNA scanning technique to detect mutations in a single electrophoretic analysis. Methods: The double-gradient denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DG-DGGE) method consisted of PCR amplification of the target genomic DNA with GC-clamped oligonucleotides. The sequence encoded the 5′ untranslated flanking region of ferritin L-chain mRNA, which includes an IRE stem-loop structure. The product was subjected to DG-DGGE (8.5-15% polyacrylamide and 50-95% denaturant) to separate the homo- and heteroduplexes. Results: The method clearly identified all eight accessible mutations, including C-G transversions, which are the most difficult to detect. The method was applied to scan DNA samples from 50 healthy subjects and from 230 subjects with serum ferritin >400 μg/L. The new mutation G14C was identified. Conclusions: The DG-DGGE method detects all the mutations in the L-ferritin IRE sequence, is rapid and economical, and can be applied to scan large populations. The first population study indicated that the mutations are rare and may involve regions of the IRE structure not yet characterized.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry