Expression of HLA-DR antigens by purified preparations of human ovarian carcinoma cells freshly isolated from surgical specimens was examined in parallel with the capacity of tumor cells to elicit a blastogenic response from autologous lymphocytes in mixed lymphocyte-tumor culture (MLTC) assay. Of 21 tumor preparations, 11 (52%) reacted with monoclonal antibodies 279 and/or 949 specific for a monomorphic determinant of HLA-DR antigens, with heterogeneous positivity, ranging between 30% and 95%. In this series of patients positive MLTC occurred in 8/21 individual experiments. The HLA-DR expression was proportionally similar in tumors giving positive MLTC (4/8=50%) and negative MLTC (7/13=53%). The lack of correlation between DR expression on tumor cells and stimulatory activity in autologous MLTC and the fact that DR-negative tumors could induce lymphocyte stimulation, support the hypothesis that blastogenesis occurs upon recognition of tumor-associated antigens, different from DR molecules, possibly tumor-specific antigens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research