Drastic reduction of piperacillin-tazobactam concentrations in an in-vitro model of continuous venovenous hemofiltration: Proposal of an innovative modality of administration to maintain them at constant concentration

Michele Ferrannini, Pasquale Niscola, Clorinda Falcone, Annalisa Noce, Anna Pastore, Gianna Di Giovamberardino, Andrea Tendas, Laura Scaramucci, Nicola Di Daniele, Roberto Palumbo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aims: Critically-ill patients often undergo continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and need antimicrobial therapy. Piperacillin and tazobactam (Pip-Tzb) are cleared by CRRT. Our aim is to evaluate Pip-Tzb removal in an in-vitro-single-pool-model of continuous-veno-venous-hemofiltration (CVVH); we test a new method of Pip-Tzb administration during CRRT assuring constant levels of concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Methods: In an in-vitro-single-pool-model of CVVH, two solutions (Protein-Free-Solution, PFS and Fresh-Frozen-Plasma, FFP) added with Pip-Tzb were tested for Pip-Tzb removal and adsorption. Then, to keep concentrations constantly above the MIC during CVVH, we add Pip-Tzb in the reinfusion bags. Results: Pip-Tzb rapidly decreased than the MIC during CVVH. The adsorption was irrelevant in the test with FPS. Adding Pip-Tzb in the reinfusion bags of the CVVH system, we observed constant concentrations of Pip-Tzb over time. Conclusion: The association of Pip-Tzb is rapidly cleared with a real risk of inadequate dosages in patients undergoing CRRT. Adding Pip-Tzb in the reinfusion bags above the MIC, we obtained stability of concentrations during CVVH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalCardiovascular and Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Antibiotic
  • Antimicrobial therapy
  • Continuous renal replacement therapy
  • Continuous venovenous hemofiltration
  • Drug clearance
  • Dyalisis
  • In vitro investigation
  • Infection
  • Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)
  • Piperacillin
  • Sepsis
  • Tazobactam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Pharmacology

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