Drug attitude in adolescents: A key factor for a comprehensive assessment

Silvia Molteni, Giovanni Giaroli, Giorgio Rossi, Mario Comelli, Maneesh Rajendraprasad, Umberto Balottin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Very few studies have evaluated the subjective experience (SE) in children and adolescents treated with antipsychotics. The present study aimed to evaluate the SE of antipsychotics in adolescents diagnosed with different psychiatric conditions and to identify explanatory variables of adolescents' SE and compliance with treatment. METHODS: The Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI) was used to evaluate SE in 67 adolescents in 2 different countries (Italy and United Kingdom). Compliance was measured using a Likert scale completed by both patients and parents. To evaluate other parameters correlated to the SE, the following scales were administered: Clinical Global Impression Scale, Children's Global Assessment Scale, Extrapyramidal Symptoms Rating Scale, Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale, and EuroQoL (for quality of life). Multiple and logistic regression analyses were applied. RESULTS: No significant difference in drug attitude was found between psychotic and nonpsychotic patients. Our results showed a highly significant association between DAI and compliance (Spearman index, 0.33; P = 0.005); for all other variables, DAI associated significantly only with quality of life (r = 0.25; P = 0.03). The multivariable analysis confirmed the presence of a strong association between compliance and DAI (P =

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

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Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Compliance
  • Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI)
  • Psychosis
  • Subjective experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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