Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the most common drug adverse event. Although DILI in paediatric age is relatively rare, it accounts for 20% of acute liver failure. Pathogenetic mechanisms are mostly idiosyncratic and therefore unpredictable and they mimic all forms of acute and chronic hepatobiliary diseases. Diagnosis can be difficult and a high degree of suspicion should be maintained. The most common drugs leading to DILI are acetaminophen, with a dose-dependent liver toxicity, anti-tuberculosis drugs, central nervous system agents, and anti-neoplastic drugs. Recently synthetic psychoactive drugs (Ecstasy) and herbal and dietary supplements have an increasing role in adolescent DILI.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Medico e Bambino|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health