Data evaluating pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) aspect in the pediatric population are scarce especially regarding the pediatric intensive care unit. Dosing of frequently used drugs (sedatives, analgesics, antibiotics and cardiovascular drugs) are mainly based on non "pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)" patients, and sometimes are translated from adult patients. Among PICU patients, the most complex patients are the ones who are critically ill and are receiving mechanical circulatory/respiratory support for cardiac and/or respiratory failure. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is associated with major PK and PD changes, especially in neonates and children. The objective of this review is to assess the current literature for pediatric PK data in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).