Dual effect of hypochlorite in the modification of high density lipoproteins

Angela Pirillo, Patrizia Uboldi, Alberico L. Catapano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


HDL-cholesterol levels are inversely correlated to the risk of cardiovascular disease. In recent years the concept that not only the quantity, but also the quality of HDL is related to their atheroprotective function has gained momentum. In fact several studies have showed that HDL can shift their properties from anti-atherogenic to pro-atherogenic upon chemical or enzymatic "modification" However, not all kind of modifications affect the antiatherogenic properties of HDL. For example, tyrosylation of HDL improves its ability to remove cholesterol from cultured cells and inhibits mice atherosclerotic lesion formation; oxidation of HDL3 with 15-lipoxygenase or with copper ions for short time induce the formation of pre-β-migrating particles that are highly effective as cholesterol acceptors from lipid laden cells. Myeloperoxidase modifies HDL and apoA-I and reduces their ability to promote ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux. In the present study we show that modification with low concentration HOCl (a myeloperoxidase product) induces the formation of pre-β-migrating particles, thus improving the function of HDL in the reverse cholesterol transport, without affecting the anti-inflammatory activity. At higher HOCl concentration, pre-β-migrating particles were not detectable and the anti-inflammatory properties of HDL were lost. These findings suggest that during early phases of inflammation, when a low HOCl concentration is generated, changes in HDL occur that increase their ability to remove cholesterol and sparing anti-inflammatory properties; later during acute inflammation, when higher HOCl concentration are present changes in HDL occur that severely decrease their ability to remove cholesterol from macrophages and to protect endothelial cells from pro-inflammatory stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-451
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2010


  • ABCA1
  • Adhesion molecules
  • Cholesterol efflux
  • HDL
  • Myeloperoxidase
  • Pre-β-particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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