Durable Efficacy of Dolutegravir Plus Lamivudine in Antiretroviral Treatment-Naive Adults With HIV-1 Infection: 96-Week Results From the GEMINI-1 and GEMINI-2 Randomized Clinical Trials

Pedro Cahn, Juan Sierra Madero, José R Arribas, Andrea Antinori, Roberto Ortiz, Amanda E Clarke, Chien-Ching Hung, Jürgen K Rockstroh, Pierre-Marie Girard, Jörg Sievers, Choy Y Man, Rimgaile Urbaityte, Daisy J Brandon, Mark Underwood, Allan R Tenorio, Keith A Pappa, Brian Wynne, Martin Gartland, Michael Aboud, Jean van WykKimberly Y Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The 2-drug regimen dolutegravir + lamivudine was noninferior to dolutegravir + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine in achieving HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL in treatment-naive adults in the 48-week primary analysis of the GEMINI trials. We present results from the prespecified 96-week secondary analyses.

SETTING: One hundred eighty-seven centers in 21 countries.

METHODS: GEMINI-1 and GEMINI-2 are identical, double-blind phase III studies. Participants with screening HIV-1 RNA ≤500,000 copies/mL were randomized 1:1 to once-daily dolutegravir + lamivudine or dolutegravir + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine.

RESULTS: At week 96, dolutegravir + lamivudine (N = 716) was noninferior to dolutegravir + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (N = 717) in achieving HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL (Snapshot algorithm; -10% noninferiority margin) in the pooled analysis (proportion of responders, 86.0% vs 89.5%, respectively; adjusted treatment difference [95% CI], -3.4% [-6.7 to 0.0007]), GEMINI-1 (-4.9% [-9.8 to 0.03]), and GEMINI-2 (-1.8% [-6.4 to 2.7]). Proportions of participants in the HIV-1 RNA ≥50 copies/mL Snapshot category were largely unchanged from week 48 to 96. Eleven participants taking dolutegravir + lamivudine and 7 taking dolutegravir + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine met confirmed virologic withdrawal criteria through week 96; none had treatment-emergent resistance mutations. Dolutegravir + lamivudine had a lower rate of drug-related adverse events than dolutegravir + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (19.6% vs 25.0%; relative risk ratio, 0.78; 95% CI: 0.64 to 0.95). Renal and bone biomarker changes favored dolutegravir + lamivudine.

CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with 48-week data, dolutegravir + lamivudine demonstrated long-term, noninferior efficacy vs dolutegravir + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine without increased risk of treatment-emergent resistance, supporting its use in treatment-naive HIV-1-infected individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 10 2019

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Durable Efficacy of Dolutegravir Plus Lamivudine in Antiretroviral Treatment-Naive Adults With HIV-1 Infection: 96-Week Results From the GEMINI-1 and GEMINI-2 Randomized Clinical Trials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this