Dural sinus arteriovenous malformation in the fetus. Case report and discussion of the literature

Vlasta Fesslova, Anna Maria Colli, Simona Boito, Isabella Fabietti, Fabio Maria Triulzi, Nicola Persico

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Sonographic findings of cerebral arteriovenous malformations in the fetus are uncommon and usually regard aneurysm of the Galen vein. Outcome of arteriovenous malformations is usually severe. We report a case of a fetus at 21 weeks’ gestation with a rarer arteriovenous malformation, referred to us for echocardiography on account of a suspicious cardiomegaly at obstetrical scan. Upon examination, we found cardiomegaly, together with an associated moderate tricuspid regurgitation, however, there were no clear features of tricuspid dysplasia. Considering an unusually dilated superior vena cava, we found via color Doppler imaging a systodiastolic flow at Color Doppler progressing. Subsequent MRI of the central nervous system determined the localization in the sinus dura mater. Due to an already evident hemodynamic impact, the parents opted for the termination of the pregnancy. Autopsy confirmed a voluminous arteriovenous malformation of the transverse sinus of the dura mater, severe cardiomegaly, mainly of the ventricles, and hypoplasia of the lungs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1651
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2021


  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Dural sinus malformation
  • Fetal echocardiography
  • Fetal ultrasound
  • Fetus


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