Duration of first-line antiretroviral therapy with tenofovir and emtricitabine combined with atazanavir/ritonavir, efavirenz or lopinavir/ritonavir in the Italian ARCA cohort

Antonio Di Biagio, Roberta Prinapori, Diana Giannarelli, Franco Maggiolo, Simona Di Giambenedetto, Vanni Borghi, Giovanni Penco, Paola Cicconi, Daniela Francisci, Gaetana Sterrantino, Alessia Zoncada, Laura Monno, Amedeo Capetti, Andrea Giacometti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the durability of three first-line tenofovir/emtricitabine-based regimens in combination with atazanavir/ritonavir, efavirenz or lopinavir/ritonavir in HIV-1-infected patients. Patients and methods: A retrospective, longitudinal, multicentre analysis of adult patients enrolled in the Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis (ARCA), a national prospective observational cohort of HIV-1-infected patients followed up at more than 100 clinical and laboratory units in Italy. Patients eligible were those starting first-line antiretroviral therapy between 1 June 2004 and 15 April 2011 and who were followed up for at least 6 months. The primary endpoint was durability, defined as the time from antiretroviral therapy initiation to first treatment modification. Time-dependent events were analysed by the Kaplan-Meier approach and the Cox proportional hazard model. Results: There are 26 000 HIV-infected patients in the ARCA database, of whom 1654 met study inclusion criteria. Six hundred and thirty-nine (38.6%) received efavirenz, 321 (19.4%) received atazanavir/ritonavir and 694 (41.9%) received lopinavir/ritonavir as a first-line regimen. Over a total observation period of 88 months, equivalent to more than 2805 person-years of follow-up, 618 patients underwent treatment modification. Lopinavir/ritonavir, given twice daily, was associated with a higher discontinuation rate than efavirenz- and atazanavir-based regimens [hazard ratio (HR) 1.83, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.56-2.15, P = 0.001]. Comparing the once-daily regimens, the rate of discontinuation of efavirenz was higher than that of atazanavir/ritonavir (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.06-1.83, P = 0.016). Conclusions: Significant differences in treatment duration were observed among the three studied regimens. Once-daily regimens exhibited greater durability than the twice-daily regimen. Among the specific regimens examined, tenofovir/emtricitabine plus atazanavir/ritonavir showed the greatest durability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-205
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Antiviral therapy
  • Drug utilization
  • Durability
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Tenofovir/emtricitabine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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