Purpose. The purpose of this study was to define an optimal radiological procedure to evaluate the results of rehabilitation therapy for swallowing disorders and to calculate both the effective and organ dose to the patient to provide a measure of the radiation risk associated with the procedure. Materials and methods. In order to define the optimal radiological procedure, kerma-area product (KAP) measurements and evaluations of image quality in fluoroscopy and fluorography mode were made using dedicated phantoms. Twenty-two patients were included in the study, and the values of KAP, screening time and average voltage selected were individually recorded. The recorded KAP values were used to estimate radiation risk with the use of dedicated calculation software. Results. Median, first and third quartiles of the KAP distribution were, respectively, 2.1, 1.5 and 2.7 Gy cm2, with a corresponding effective dose of 0.35, 0.26 and 0.46 mSv. A good correlation between KAP and exposure time was also found (R2=0.85). Exposure of the thyroid, which is inside the radiation field, accounts for the greatest share to the effective dose, with a calculated median dose of 6 mGy. Conclusions. With the defined radiological procedure, the obtained KAP values are lower than recorded doses in interventional radiology, and the corresponding values of entrance skin dose are lower than the threshold dose for deterministic effects. Considering the effective dose at the median KAP value, the probability for stochastic effects is shown to be low, at approximately 1 in 39,000.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging