Dynamics of HCV genotype 4 resistance-associated variants during virologic escape with pIFN/RBV+daclatasvir: A case study using ultra deep pyrosequencing

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Abstract

Background: Daclatasvir (DCV) is an approved NS5A inhibitor with potent anti-HCV activity and broad genotype coverage. DCV resistance-associated variants (RAVs) have been described for patients infected with genotype (GT) 1, but increased GT4 prevalence in European countries as a result of immigration has boosted interest in this genotype. Objectives: Establishment of NS5A variability in treatment-naive patients with HCV genotype 4 infection and a case study of the dynamics of resistance-associated variants in a virologic failure receiving pIFN/RBV. +. DCV, as assessed by ultra-deep sequencing. Study design: Five treatment-naïve GT4 patients (GT4a [n= 1], GT4d [n= 3], GT4o [n= 1]) were evaluated for inclusion in the COMMAND-4 study and treatment with pIFN/RBV ± DCV. Results: Patient (Pt) 1 received pIFN/RBV; Pts2-4 received pIFN/RBV + DCV; Pt5 was a screening failure. Pt1 relapsed; Pt2 experienced breakthrough at Wk4; Pts3 and 4 achieved a sustained virologic response. No substitutions associated with DCV-resistance were detected at baseline. In terms of viremic time points for Pts1 and 2, the extent of NS5A diversity pre-treatment was not significantly related to viral load (r = -0568; p = 0.035). In Pt2, multiple substitutions associated with DCV-resistance were observed after breakthrough at NS5A amino acid positions 28, 31 and 93. These substitutions were frequently observed on the same haplotype (L28S + M31I = 55.52, 82.50, and 99.36% at Wk4, 8 and 9; L28S + M31I + Y93H = 11.77, 5.01 and

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Daclatasvir
  • Genotype 4
  • Hepatitis c virus
  • NS5A
  • UDPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

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