Dyslipidemia, Diet, and Physical Exercise in Children on Treatment with Anti-Retroviral Medication in El Salvador: A Cross-Sectional Study

Michela Sonego, Maria José Sagrado, Gustavo Escobar, Marzia Lazzerini, Estefanie Rivas, Rocio Martín-Cañavate, Elsy Pérez de López, Sandra Ayala, Luis Castaneda, Pilar Aparicio, Estefanía Custodio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemias are common in HIV-infected children, especially if treated with protease-inhibitors, but there are few data on how to treat dyslipidemias in this population. We estimated the dislypidemia prevalence and its association with treatment, diet, and physical exercise in children on anti-retroviral treatment at the El Salvador reference center for pediatric HIV care (CENID). METHODS: Information was gathered regarding socio-demographic characteristics, treatment, diet, and physical activity of 173 children aged 5-18 years and receiving anti-retroviral therapy.Triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), viral load, and CD4 T-lymphocytes were measured. Abnormal concentrations were defined as triglycerides ≥130 mg/dl in 10- to 18-year-olds and ≥100 mg/dl in

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 31 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

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