Dyspepsia is a major public problem. It occurs in 25-40% of the general population negatively affecting the quality of life. 2-3% of the patients visited by the GP and up to 30% of those visited by the gastroenterologist have dyspepsia. Both diagnostic procedure and therapy are expensive. Definition, aetiology and pathogenesis of the disorder are not clear cut. The aim of this review is to outline the main trends in this relevant area of the clinical practice. The authors choose the most comprehensive definition among the thirty of the medical literature. To rule out, the most commonly and frequently wrong opinions risk factors have been examined. The authors distinguished between symptoms of functional and organic dyspepsia and those of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease, which often overlap and make difficult the management of the patient. The aetiology and pathogenesis have also been discussed, with particular emphasis on Hp. Advantages and drawbacks of different diagnostic approaches have been investigated. An age and symptoms related approach of the cases with dyspepsia is proposed, which allows to manage the patient without the necessity of invasive procedures. It is finally suggested that are cases which can be managed by the GP and others for whom the gastroenterologist intervention is mandatory.
|Translated title of the contribution||Dyspepsia: Time to reappraisal|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Recenti Progressi in Medicina|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas