Dystonia: clinical approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dystonia refers to sustained and vigorous contractions forcing a body region into an abnormal position that is consistently present. Dystonic postures and movements can variably combine to produce a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. The movement can affect one, two or more body regions, as in focal, segmental or generalized dystonia. Dystonic movements display specific features that can be recognised by clinical observation, such as speed, consistency, predictability, variability and relationship with voluntary movement. Sensory tricks and gestes antagonistes are manoeuvres that specifically alleviate dystonic movements and postures, thereby providing diagnostic clues. The diagnosis of primary dystonia can be established by applying a simple diagnostic flow chart during neurological examination to guide further laboratory testing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume13
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Body Regions
Dystonia
Posture
Dystonic Disorders
Neurologic Examination
Observation

Keywords

  • Clinical features
  • Diagnostic algorithm
  • Dystonia
  • Primary dystonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

Dystonia : clinical approach. / Albanese, Alberto.

In: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, Vol. 13, No. SUPPL. 3, 2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{213950cc13764abdac582071456068a5,
title = "Dystonia: clinical approach",
abstract = "Dystonia refers to sustained and vigorous contractions forcing a body region into an abnormal position that is consistently present. Dystonic postures and movements can variably combine to produce a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. The movement can affect one, two or more body regions, as in focal, segmental or generalized dystonia. Dystonic movements display specific features that can be recognised by clinical observation, such as speed, consistency, predictability, variability and relationship with voluntary movement. Sensory tricks and gestes antagonistes are manoeuvres that specifically alleviate dystonic movements and postures, thereby providing diagnostic clues. The diagnosis of primary dystonia can be established by applying a simple diagnostic flow chart during neurological examination to guide further laboratory testing.",
keywords = "Clinical features, Diagnostic algorithm, Dystonia, Primary dystonia",
author = "Alberto Albanese",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/S1353-8020(08)70030-0",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "Parkinsonism and Related Disorders",
issn = "1353-8020",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "SUPPL. 3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dystonia

T2 - clinical approach

AU - Albanese, Alberto

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Dystonia refers to sustained and vigorous contractions forcing a body region into an abnormal position that is consistently present. Dystonic postures and movements can variably combine to produce a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. The movement can affect one, two or more body regions, as in focal, segmental or generalized dystonia. Dystonic movements display specific features that can be recognised by clinical observation, such as speed, consistency, predictability, variability and relationship with voluntary movement. Sensory tricks and gestes antagonistes are manoeuvres that specifically alleviate dystonic movements and postures, thereby providing diagnostic clues. The diagnosis of primary dystonia can be established by applying a simple diagnostic flow chart during neurological examination to guide further laboratory testing.

AB - Dystonia refers to sustained and vigorous contractions forcing a body region into an abnormal position that is consistently present. Dystonic postures and movements can variably combine to produce a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. The movement can affect one, two or more body regions, as in focal, segmental or generalized dystonia. Dystonic movements display specific features that can be recognised by clinical observation, such as speed, consistency, predictability, variability and relationship with voluntary movement. Sensory tricks and gestes antagonistes are manoeuvres that specifically alleviate dystonic movements and postures, thereby providing diagnostic clues. The diagnosis of primary dystonia can be established by applying a simple diagnostic flow chart during neurological examination to guide further laboratory testing.

KW - Clinical features

KW - Diagnostic algorithm

KW - Dystonia

KW - Primary dystonia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38949140218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38949140218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1353-8020(08)70030-0

DO - 10.1016/S1353-8020(08)70030-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 18267264

AN - SCOPUS:38949140218

VL - 13

JO - Parkinsonism and Related Disorders

JF - Parkinsonism and Related Disorders

SN - 1353-8020

IS - SUPPL. 3

ER -