Eagle's syndrome: a case report and CT pictorial review

Giovanni Scavone, Daniele Carmelo Caltabiano, Maria Vittoria Raciti, Maria Carla Calcagno, Monica Pennisi, Andrea Giovanni Musumeci, Giovanni Carlo Ettorre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Eagle's syndrome (ES) refers to symptomatic elongation of the ossified styloid process. A styloid process greater than 2.5 cm in length should be considered abnormal; however, an elongated styloid process is not sufficient for a diagnosis of ES; only an abnormal styloid process in association with symptoms can confirm the syndrome. In this case report, we discuss a 54-year-old man who has come to our attention with various symptoms: dysphagia to both solids and liquids, difficulty swallowing, neck pain, and a foreign body sensation during bilateral neck rotation and mouth opening. The diagnosis is performed radiologically because conventional radiographs have many potential disadvantages, whereas, computed tomography (CT) scans and reconstructions allow the length and angulation of the styloid process to be measured and the relationship between the elongated styloid processes and adjacent anatomical structures to be evaluated. Moreover, CT allows for differential diagnosis and provides detailed information needed for surgical planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-145
Number of pages5
JournalRadiology Case Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D-CT
  • Eagle's syndrome
  • Stylalgia
  • Styloid process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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