Early and long-term outcome of rehabilitation in stroke patients: The role of patient characteristics, time of initiation, and duration of interventions

Massimo Musicco, Leonardo Emberti, Giuseppe Nappi, Carlo Caltagirone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether and how patient characteristics and the time of initiation and duration of rehabilitation influence early and long-term patient outcome after cerebrovascular accident. Design: A cohort study. Setting: Twenty rehabilitation hospitals and wards located throughout Italy. Participants: A total of 1716 stroke patients (874 men, 842 women) consecutively admitted to Italian hospital rehabilitation centers in 1997 and 1998. Patients had moderate to severe disability (FIM™ instrument score, ≤90). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Three negative patient outcomes were considered: death, early failure (premature, unwanted interruption of rehabilitation program; absence of any improvement at hospital discharge), and late failure in terms of severe disability (Barthel Index score,

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-558
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Disabled persons
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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