Early behavioral markers for neurodevelopmental disorders in the first 3 years of life: An overview of systematic reviews: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

M. Micai, F. Fulceri, A. Caruso, A. Guzzetta, L. Gila, M.L. Scattoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Being able to recognize red flags for neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) is crucial to provide timely intervention programs. This work aims to support - within a scientific framework - the construction of an instrument capable to early detect all spectrum of NDD and explore all areas of development, detect failures in typical developmental pathways and point out atypical signs at all ages. This overview of reviews provides evidence for differences in children later diagnosed with NDD compared to typically developing peers such as delays in motor, language development and temperament in the first three years of age, repetitive/stereotyped behaviors, atypicalities/delays in play, object use, attention, visual, sensory processing and social engagement in the first and second year, and difficulties in feeding and sleeping in the first year. These behaviors must be carefully observed as potential red flags for NDD. However, data of the systematic reviews are not yet useful to develop an evidence-based clinical screening. It urges to increase efforts in producing systematic reviews on early behavioral markers for each NDD. Trial registration:CRD42019137731. (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=137731). © 2020 The Author(s)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-201
Number of pages19
JournalNeurosci. Biobehav. Rev.
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Early detection
  • Infant
  • Infant behavior
  • Neonatal screening
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders
  • Primary health care
  • Signs and symptoms
  • attention
  • attention deficit disorder
  • autism
  • behavior assessment
  • compulsion
  • developmental delay
  • disease association
  • disease marker
  • early diagnosis
  • eye tracking
  • feeding disorder
  • high risk population
  • human
  • intellectual impairment
  • language delay
  • language development
  • low birth weight
  • low risk patient
  • mental disease
  • motor development
  • motor dysfunction
  • motor performance
  • play
  • priority journal
  • Review
  • risk assessment
  • risk factor
  • sleep disorder
  • social behavior
  • social evolution
  • speech delay
  • stereotypy
  • systematic review
  • temperament

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