Early Childhood Attention Battery: Italian adaptation and new expanded normative data

Giorgia Coratti, Maria Mallardi, Carolina Coppola, Francesca Tinelli, Mariaelisa Bartoli, Valentina Laganà, Simona Lucibello, Serena Sivo, Francesca Gallini, Domenico M. Romeo, Janette Atkinson, Oliver Braddick, Eugenio Mercuri, Daniela Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Early Childhood Attention Battery (ECAB) has been used to assess three different components of attention in preschool children, namely, selective, sustained and attentional control. Aim: The aim of the study was: I) to adapt the ECAB to the Italian language; II) to collect Italian reference data using the translated version and III) to expand the available reference data using 6-month age intervals. Study design: The adaptation of the ECAB to Italian language and the collection of Italian reference data was performed in four phases: translation and identification of the manual and subtests that needed adaptation; interobserver reliability and feasibility of the Italian version; application of the Italian ECAB; statistical analysis. Subjects: The ECAB was performed on a low risk population between 3 and 5 years, 11 months. Results: Statistical analysis was conducted subdividing the cohort in 6-month age groups. The final cohort included 300 low-risk typically developing children. The assessment was well accepted and enjoyed by most of the children except for some in the youngest group who refused to complete all of the tests. Our data showed a progressive improvement in attention across age in seven of the eight subtests of the ECAB. Conclusion: The ECAB is a feasible battery in Italian as in the English version, for the assessment of early attention in preschool children, allowing the assessment of the different components of attention and a specific maturation follow up with increasing age.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105013
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Attention development
  • Early Child Attention Battery
  • Neuropsychology preschool children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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