Early communicative skills of children with Klinefelter syndrome

Laura Zampini, Tiziana Burla, Gaia Silibello, Francesca Dall’Ara, Claudia Rigamonti, Faustina Lalatta, Paola Vizziello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many studies reported the presence of language impairments in children and adolescents with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). However, the first stage of their language development has been scarcely studied. The present study aimed to describe the spontaneous communicative production of 18-month-old children with KS, in comparison with that of typically developing (TD) male peers, aiming to verify the existence of different early communicative skills in both vocal and gestural modality and to identify the presence of possible associations with their later vocabulary size. Children with KS showed a lower competence in both lexical skills and emergent syntactic abilities than TD peers. No significant differences were found in gesture production. Considering the possibility of identifying an association between early communicative skills and later vocabulary size, the vocal production of TD children appeared to be significantly related to their later lexical skills; whereas, the number of gestures produced by children with KS appeared to be related to their later lexical abilities. The early detection of language risk factors will allow early intervention and careful monitoring of these children’s communicative development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-586
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • communicative gestures
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Language development
  • vocabulary size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


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