Early detection of autism spectrum disorders: From retrospective home video studies to prospective 'high risk' sibling studies

Valeria Costanzo, Natasha Chericoni, Filomena Alessandra Amendola, Laura Casula, Filippo Muratori, Maria Luisa Scattoni, Fabio Apicella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the autism spectrum disorders (ASD) field of research there is scientific consensus on the importance of early identification (and subsequently, of timely treatment) for a better prognosis. For this reason, early diagnosis represents a common challenge for clinicians and an area of great interest for researchers.In the past decades, many studies have focused on identifying subclinical signs of ASD with different types of experimental designs and methods, both retrospectively and prospectively. The purpose of this narrative review is to present changes in methodology, from a historical point of view, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of different research designs. Conclusions are drawn taking into account potentialities of prospective designs for the study of early predictors of ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-635
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • ASD
  • Autism
  • Early identification
  • Family home-movies
  • Review
  • Siblings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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