Early diagnosis of vertebral fractures

Giuseppe Guglielmi, Francesco Di Chio, Maria Rita Delle Vergini, Michele La Porta, Michelangelo Nasuto, Luigia Anna Di Primio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vertebral fractures are a common clinical entity, caused by trauma or related to osteoporosis (benign). Their recognition is especially important in the post-menopausal female population but also important is their differentiation from pathological (malignant) fractures (1). A vertebral fracture is evidenced by vertebral body deformity or reduction in vertebral body height beyond a certain threshold value in the absence of bone discontinuity. For prognosis and treatment it is extremely important to recognize the cause of the fracture. In contrast to fractures that occur in other locations, vertebral fractures often go unrecognized in the acute phase as the pain may be transient and radiographic and evaluation of the spine may be difficult (2). Objective measurement of the vertebral deformity provides invaluable information to the interpreting physician and helps grade fracture severity. The recognition and diagnosis of vertebral fractures can be performed using additional diagnostic tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-18
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Bone densitometry
  • Plain radiographs
  • Vertebral fractures
  • Vertebral morphometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

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