Early excitability changes in a novel acute model of transient focal ischemia and reperfusion in the in vitro isolated guinea pig brain

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Abstract

The study of the early events that characterize cerebral ischemia is limited in available experimental models. The study of neurophysiological network changes that occur in brain tissue during the early minutes that follow focal ischemia induction is restricted in the in vivo condition. Very simplified systems, such as in vitro brain slices and in isolated neurons, have been utilized for this type of studies. We describe here a new model of transient focal ischemia and reperfusion developed in the isolated guinea pig brain, maintained in vitro by arterial perfusion with a complex saline solution without blood cells. In this preparation, that combines the advantage of an in vitro preparation with the functional preservation of both vascular and neuronal compartments, the arteries of the Willis circle are directly accessible by visual control. To induce transitory focal ischemia, one medial cerebral artery (MCA) was transiently tied for 30 min, while brain activity was recorded with multiple electrodes positioned in brain areas within and outside MCA territory. Anoxic depression in ischemic areas propagated to the surrounding tissue and was associated with the abolition of evoked responses due to both functional impairment of afferent olfactory input and tissue depression. Recovery of evoked responses was obtained after MCA reperfusion. The spatial distribution of hypoxic depressions was characterized and was correlated with the extension of brain damage, defined by immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies against microtubule-associated protein (MAP-2). We propose that the present model can be utilized to analyze brain activity changes that occur in early stages of focal brain ischemia and reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume204
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

Keywords

  • Hypoxic depression
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Isolated guinea pig brain
  • Olfactory cortex
  • Transitory focal ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology

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