Early healing of implants placed into fresh extraction sockets: An experimental study in the beagle dog. III: Soft tissue findings

Fabio Vignoletti, Massimo De Sanctis, Tord Berglundh, Ingemar Abrahamsson, Mariano Sanz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To describe histologically the early phases of soft tissue healing to implants placed into fresh extraction sockets. Materials and Methods: In 16 beagle dogs, 64 3.25-mm-wide cylindrical screw implants were inserted into the distal sockets of the third and fourth lower premolars using a one-stage trans-mucosal healing protocol. Biopsies were then taken at 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks and prepared for histological examination. Results: One-week specimens showed a junctional epithelium and an underlying loose connective tissue rich in inflammatory cells. At 2 weeks, signs of epithelial proliferation and a more organized connective tissue were observed. At 4 and 8 weeks, inflammation was absent; the epithelium appeared mature and in close contact with the surface of the healing abutment or the implant. The connective tissue was dense in an area close to the implant surface and the fibres were aligned parallel to the implant surface. The soft tissue dimensions at 8 weeks were approximately 5 mm, including about 3-3.5 mm of epithelium and 1-1.5 mm of connective tissue. Conclusion: Soft tissue healing to implants placed in fresh extraction sockets may result in a longer epithelial interface than implants placed in a healed ridge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1066
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Biological width
  • Extraction socket
  • Immediate implants
  • Junctional epithelium
  • Peri-implant mucosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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