We studied 60 patients who had survived the Mustard procedure for transposition of the great arteries, performed between the ages of 2 days and 24 months (mean 4.51 ± 3.79). All patients were given a postoperative 24-hour dynamic electrocardiogram at 15 days, 1 year and 3 years and then every 2 years. Those who were found to have sinus node dysfunction during follow-up, were given a dynamic electrocardiogram every 3-6 months. The average follow-up period was 38.7 ± 19.8 months, median 36. Sinus node dysfunction was detected during follow-up in 20 patients (33.3% of the total), 8 of whom had had a pacemaker inserted. Risk factors for late development of sinus node dysfunction were found to include prolonged cross-clamping of the aorta during surgery (P = 0.003), especially over 50 minutes (relative risk 3.5:1), and the presence of even transient sinus node dysfunction after surgery (P = 0.006). These observations suggest, first, that sinus node dysfunction may develop after the Mustard operation as a combined effect of extensive atrial surgery and a long period of myocardial ischemia and, second, that the presence of the disease immediately after the operation sometimes indicates that it will recur or persist during follow-up.
- Electrocardiogram, 24-hour dynamic
- Mustard operation
- Sinus node dysfunction
- Transposition of the great arteries
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine