Ichthyosis with confetti (IC) is a severe non-syndromic ichthyosis due to heterozygous mutations in the KRT10 gene. The disease manifests at birth with erythroderma and scaling and is characterised by the gradual development of numerous confetti-like spots of normal skin. Diag-nosis of IC is frequently delayed until adolescence or even adulthood. We report 2 young children who were first diagnosed as having congenital ichthyosiform erythro-derma. However, the development of thick, confluent hyperkeratotic plaques together with the histopathological finding of keratinocyte vacuolisation in the suprabasal epidermis evoked IC. Immunofluorescence analysis showed a highly reduced keratin 10 expression within the cytoplasm of suprabasal keratinocytes and its characteristic mislocalisation to the nuclei. The diagnosis was confirmed by the identification of 2 previously unreported mutations in intron 6 and exon 7 of KRT10. Careful clinical examination then showed the presence of the first spots of normal skin in both patients at the age of 2.5 and 5 years, respectively. These cases point to the usefulness of immunofluorescence analysis of keratin 10 expression for an early diagnosis of IC.
- Congenital reticular ichthyosiform erythroderma
- De novomutations
- Ichthyosis variegata
ASJC Scopus subject areas