Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age

S. Scaglioni, C. Agostoni, R. De Notaris, G. Radaelli, N. Radice, M. Valenti, M. Giovannini, E. Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the macronutrient intake in early life on the development of overweight in children. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: An ongoing longitudinal study including 147 randomized healthy children followed up from birth. MEASUREMENTS: Anthropometric parameters were measured at birth, 1 and 5 y of age. Dietary habits at the age of 1 and 5 were assessed by age-adjusted food-frequency questionnaires and 24 h recalls. Parents' body mass index (BMI) was also recorded. RESULTS: Parental overweight was observed for 51% children. The prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y was higher in children with than without parental overweight (37.3% vs 8.3%, P <0.0001). Five-year old overweight children had a higher percentage intake of proteins at the age of ly than non overweight children (22% vs 20%, P = 0.024) and lower intake of carbohydrates (44% vs 47%, P = 0.031). Multiple logistic analysis confirmed that protein intake at ly of age was associated with overweight at 5 y (P = 0.05). In children born from overweight mothers, prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y tended to be higher in bottle-fed than in breast-fed ones (62.5% vs 23.3%, P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: Parental overweight is a major risk factor for childhood overweight in the first years of life, but an early high protein intake may also influence the development of adiposity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-781
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume24
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

childhood obesity
protein intake
carbohydrate intake
food frequency questionnaires
adiposity
logit analysis
longitudinal studies
bottles
Parturition
breasts
body mass index
risk factors
Proteins
Adiposity
Feeding Behavior
Longitudinal Studies
Breast
Body Mass Index
Parents
Mothers

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Childhood obesity
  • Macronutrient intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Scaglioni, S., Agostoni, C., De Notaris, R., Radaelli, G., Radice, N., Valenti, M., ... Riva, E. (2000). Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age. International Journal of Obesity, 24(6), 777-781.

Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age. / Scaglioni, S.; Agostoni, C.; De Notaris, R.; Radaelli, G.; Radice, N.; Valenti, M.; Giovannini, M.; Riva, E.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2000, p. 777-781.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scaglioni, S, Agostoni, C, De Notaris, R, Radaelli, G, Radice, N, Valenti, M, Giovannini, M & Riva, E 2000, 'Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age', International Journal of Obesity, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 777-781.
Scaglioni S, Agostoni C, De Notaris R, Radaelli G, Radice N, Valenti M et al. Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age. International Journal of Obesity. 2000;24(6):777-781.
Scaglioni, S. ; Agostoni, C. ; De Notaris, R. ; Radaelli, G. ; Radice, N. ; Valenti, M. ; Giovannini, M. ; Riva, E. / Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age. In: International Journal of Obesity. 2000 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 777-781.
@article{f8a18032231d41d8b9d3f3684542aec8,
title = "Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the macronutrient intake in early life on the development of overweight in children. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: An ongoing longitudinal study including 147 randomized healthy children followed up from birth. MEASUREMENTS: Anthropometric parameters were measured at birth, 1 and 5 y of age. Dietary habits at the age of 1 and 5 were assessed by age-adjusted food-frequency questionnaires and 24 h recalls. Parents' body mass index (BMI) was also recorded. RESULTS: Parental overweight was observed for 51{\%} children. The prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y was higher in children with than without parental overweight (37.3{\%} vs 8.3{\%}, P <0.0001). Five-year old overweight children had a higher percentage intake of proteins at the age of ly than non overweight children (22{\%} vs 20{\%}, P = 0.024) and lower intake of carbohydrates (44{\%} vs 47{\%}, P = 0.031). Multiple logistic analysis confirmed that protein intake at ly of age was associated with overweight at 5 y (P = 0.05). In children born from overweight mothers, prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y tended to be higher in bottle-fed than in breast-fed ones (62.5{\%} vs 23.3{\%}, P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: Parental overweight is a major risk factor for childhood overweight in the first years of life, but an early high protein intake may also influence the development of adiposity.",
keywords = "Body mass index, Childhood obesity, Macronutrient intake",
author = "S. Scaglioni and C. Agostoni and {De Notaris}, R. and G. Radaelli and N. Radice and M. Valenti and M. Giovannini and E. Riva",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "777--781",
journal = "International Journal of Obesity",
issn = "0307-0565",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age

AU - Scaglioni, S.

AU - Agostoni, C.

AU - De Notaris, R.

AU - Radaelli, G.

AU - Radice, N.

AU - Valenti, M.

AU - Giovannini, M.

AU - Riva, E.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the macronutrient intake in early life on the development of overweight in children. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: An ongoing longitudinal study including 147 randomized healthy children followed up from birth. MEASUREMENTS: Anthropometric parameters were measured at birth, 1 and 5 y of age. Dietary habits at the age of 1 and 5 were assessed by age-adjusted food-frequency questionnaires and 24 h recalls. Parents' body mass index (BMI) was also recorded. RESULTS: Parental overweight was observed for 51% children. The prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y was higher in children with than without parental overweight (37.3% vs 8.3%, P <0.0001). Five-year old overweight children had a higher percentage intake of proteins at the age of ly than non overweight children (22% vs 20%, P = 0.024) and lower intake of carbohydrates (44% vs 47%, P = 0.031). Multiple logistic analysis confirmed that protein intake at ly of age was associated with overweight at 5 y (P = 0.05). In children born from overweight mothers, prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y tended to be higher in bottle-fed than in breast-fed ones (62.5% vs 23.3%, P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: Parental overweight is a major risk factor for childhood overweight in the first years of life, but an early high protein intake may also influence the development of adiposity.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the macronutrient intake in early life on the development of overweight in children. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: An ongoing longitudinal study including 147 randomized healthy children followed up from birth. MEASUREMENTS: Anthropometric parameters were measured at birth, 1 and 5 y of age. Dietary habits at the age of 1 and 5 were assessed by age-adjusted food-frequency questionnaires and 24 h recalls. Parents' body mass index (BMI) was also recorded. RESULTS: Parental overweight was observed for 51% children. The prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y was higher in children with than without parental overweight (37.3% vs 8.3%, P <0.0001). Five-year old overweight children had a higher percentage intake of proteins at the age of ly than non overweight children (22% vs 20%, P = 0.024) and lower intake of carbohydrates (44% vs 47%, P = 0.031). Multiple logistic analysis confirmed that protein intake at ly of age was associated with overweight at 5 y (P = 0.05). In children born from overweight mothers, prevalence of overweight at the age of 5 y tended to be higher in bottle-fed than in breast-fed ones (62.5% vs 23.3%, P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: Parental overweight is a major risk factor for childhood overweight in the first years of life, but an early high protein intake may also influence the development of adiposity.

KW - Body mass index

KW - Childhood obesity

KW - Macronutrient intake

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034076637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034076637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10878686

AN - SCOPUS:0034076637

VL - 24

SP - 777

EP - 781

JO - International Journal of Obesity

JF - International Journal of Obesity

SN - 0307-0565

IS - 6

ER -