The AA studied 127 subjects (74 M, 53F; 6 1/2 to 16 years) with learning disorders at school, 47 of whom were epileptic. After an anamnestic evaluation on the presence of early minimal Brain Damage (BD), 4 groups have been differentiated: I: 33 subjects without BD; II: 47 subjects with minimal BD; III: 21 subjects with early minimal BD; IV; 26 subjects with epilepsy. Form of epilepsy with an onset above 5 years, poor frequency of seizures, drugs in the therapeutic range have been chosen. A statistic analysis (Student's 'T') revealed: 1) in the groups with minimal BD (I, III) a significant decrease in the averages of the IQ and of the scores at the WISC items, in comparison with the groups without early minimal BD (I, IV); 2 mild specific disorders in IQ performance, coding, digit span, object assembly. The association of epilepsy with early minimal BD shows these disabilities more evident. Epilepsies without early minimal BD and with well controlled seizures do not defects in the cognitive competences.
|Translated title of the contribution||Early minimal brain damage (with or without epilepsy) and learning disorders/cognitive disabilities|
|Title of host publication||Bollettino - Lega Italiana contro l'Epilessia|
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology