Early prognosis of epilepsy. Effects of treatment in the first follow-up year

R. Di Mascio, E. Beghi, F. Sasanelli, G. Tognoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A multicenter prospective investigation was conducted in 17 teaching and general hospital in Italy to assess the efficacy of the care delivered to previously untreated patients with epilepsy. 175 cases were included and allocated to monotherapy. Only 112 cases completed the first year of follow-up. Of these, 59 (52.7%) were completely controlled and 53 (47.3%) had one or more seizure relapses. Controlied and uncontrolled patients were compared with respect to the main variables believed to influence non-responsiveness to standard therapy. The proportion of cases with relapses was significantly associated with the number of seizures reported before treatment was started. Selected seizure patterns (absences, myoclonic seizures) and prolonged disease duration were also reported more frequently among patients with recurrences. The implications of these findings are discussed with respect to drug response and prognosis of epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-429
Number of pages9
JournalItalian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1986

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • epilepsy
  • monotherapy
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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