Early reduction in left ventricular contractile reserve detected by dobutamine stress echo predicts high-dose chemotherapy-induced cardiac toxicity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: High-dose chemotherapy (HDC) is utilized in high-risk cancer patients. This type of treatment may induce cardiac toxicity which becomes clinically evident weeks or months after HDC. Hence, the possibility of early identification of patients who will develop cardiac impairment is strategic for its clinical implications. The aim of this study was to identify possible early changes of left ventricular contractile reserve (LVCR) in cancer patients undergoing HDC, as well as to evaluate the relevance of such changes as predictors of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity. Methods: In forty-nine female patients scheduled for HDC, due to poor-prognosis breast cancer, dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) was performed, before each of the three HDC cycles (C1, C2, C3), and 1, 4, and 7 months after the end of chemotherapy. According to rest left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) evaluated within 18 months after HDC (f-LVEF), patients were allocated to Group A (LVEF <50% and > 10 absolute units reduction) and to Group B (LVEF ≥ 50%). Results: Rest LVEF didn't show any significant difference between the two groups except at f-LVEF. Peak LVEF and LVCR significantly decreased in Group A only, starting from C3. At C3, a ≥ 5 units fall in LVCR was found to be predictive for f-LVEF drop below 50%. Conclusions: In patients undergoing HDC, low-dose DSE allows the early identification of patients at a high risk of developing cardiac dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2006

Keywords

  • Dobutamine
  • High-dose chemotherapy
  • Left ventricular contractile reserve
  • Left ventricular dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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