BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare 2 groups of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs): the bicruciate-retaining (BCR-group) and cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty (CR-group), evaluating the functional results in the short-term follow-up.
METHODS: 24 BCR were included in the study and were compared with a group of 24 TKAs performed with the same implant, but with sacrifice of the ACL and retention of the posterior cruciate ligament. For preoperative and postoperative clinical evaluation, the visual analogue score (VAS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were used. Radiological evaluation included weight-bearing long-leg view, a Rosemberg view, lateral view of the knee and tangential view of the patella. Hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) was recorded pre and postoperatively. Radiolucent lines (RLLs) were evaluated according the Knee Society Roentgenographic Evaluation System (KSRES).
RESULTS: At last follow-up the mean VAS score was 1.81 for BCR group and 1.43 for CR group (p = 0.61). The mean WOMAC score was 8.68 for BCR group and 12.81 for CR group (p = 0.33). As for the radiological evaluation, preoperative HKA angle was 0.53° varus for BCR group and 3.14° varus for CR group (p = 0.24); postoperative HKA was 0.72° valgus for BCR group and 0.38° valgus for CR group (p = 0.75). The percentage of RLLs was similar between the two groups (12% versus 15%).
CONCLUSIONS: BCR-TKA has showed to give similar functional and radiographic outcomes compared to conventional CR-TKA in a similar cohort of patients. An higher operative times and higher number of complications respect were found in BCR group. These results can be explained by the early learning curve experiences. Future randomized controlled trials should be performed to support new implant designs such as BCR.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level of evidence Case-control study, level III.
|Journal||European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology|
|Early online date||Nov 19 2020|
|Publication status||Published - May 2021|