Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brain

Isabell Wartenburger, Hauke R. Heekeren, Jubin Abutalebi, Stefano F. Cappa, Arno Villringer, Daniela Perani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The existence of a "critical period" for language acquisition is controversial. Bilingual subjects with variable age of acquisition (AOA) and proficiency level (PL) constitute a suitable model to study this issue. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the effects of AOA and PL on neural correlates of grammatical and semantic judgments in Italian-German bilinguals who learned the second language at different ages and had different proficiency levels. While the pattern of brain activity for semantic judgment was largely dependent on PL, AOA mainly affected the cortical representation of grammatical processes. These findings support the view that both AOA and PL affect the neural substrates of second language processing, with a differential effect on grammar and semantics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-170
Number of pages12
JournalNeuron
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 9 2003

Fingerprint

Semantics
Language
Brain
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brain. / Wartenburger, Isabell; Heekeren, Hauke R.; Abutalebi, Jubin; Cappa, Stefano F.; Villringer, Arno; Perani, Daniela.

In: Neuron, Vol. 37, No. 1, 09.01.2003, p. 159-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wartenburger, I, Heekeren, HR, Abutalebi, J, Cappa, SF, Villringer, A & Perani, D 2003, 'Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brain', Neuron, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01150-9
Wartenburger, Isabell ; Heekeren, Hauke R. ; Abutalebi, Jubin ; Cappa, Stefano F. ; Villringer, Arno ; Perani, Daniela. / Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brain. In: Neuron. 2003 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 159-170.
@article{9986715787634018ae0b99f38c646dd0,
title = "Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brain",
abstract = "The existence of a {"}critical period{"} for language acquisition is controversial. Bilingual subjects with variable age of acquisition (AOA) and proficiency level (PL) constitute a suitable model to study this issue. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the effects of AOA and PL on neural correlates of grammatical and semantic judgments in Italian-German bilinguals who learned the second language at different ages and had different proficiency levels. While the pattern of brain activity for semantic judgment was largely dependent on PL, AOA mainly affected the cortical representation of grammatical processes. These findings support the view that both AOA and PL affect the neural substrates of second language processing, with a differential effect on grammar and semantics.",
author = "Isabell Wartenburger and Heekeren, {Hauke R.} and Jubin Abutalebi and Cappa, {Stefano F.} and Arno Villringer and Daniela Perani",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01150-9",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "159--170",
journal = "Neuron",
issn = "0896-6273",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brain

AU - Wartenburger, Isabell

AU - Heekeren, Hauke R.

AU - Abutalebi, Jubin

AU - Cappa, Stefano F.

AU - Villringer, Arno

AU - Perani, Daniela

PY - 2003/1/9

Y1 - 2003/1/9

N2 - The existence of a "critical period" for language acquisition is controversial. Bilingual subjects with variable age of acquisition (AOA) and proficiency level (PL) constitute a suitable model to study this issue. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the effects of AOA and PL on neural correlates of grammatical and semantic judgments in Italian-German bilinguals who learned the second language at different ages and had different proficiency levels. While the pattern of brain activity for semantic judgment was largely dependent on PL, AOA mainly affected the cortical representation of grammatical processes. These findings support the view that both AOA and PL affect the neural substrates of second language processing, with a differential effect on grammar and semantics.

AB - The existence of a "critical period" for language acquisition is controversial. Bilingual subjects with variable age of acquisition (AOA) and proficiency level (PL) constitute a suitable model to study this issue. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the effects of AOA and PL on neural correlates of grammatical and semantic judgments in Italian-German bilinguals who learned the second language at different ages and had different proficiency levels. While the pattern of brain activity for semantic judgment was largely dependent on PL, AOA mainly affected the cortical representation of grammatical processes. These findings support the view that both AOA and PL affect the neural substrates of second language processing, with a differential effect on grammar and semantics.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037426951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037426951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01150-9

DO - 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01150-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 12526781

AN - SCOPUS:0037426951

VL - 37

SP - 159

EP - 170

JO - Neuron

JF - Neuron

SN - 0896-6273

IS - 1

ER -