Background: Infantile hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor in newborns, with an incidence from 12 to 23% among preterm infants with low weight at birth and a female to male ratio of 3:1. The head and neck is the most frequently affected area (60%), and the scalp is a typical site for such large lesions. Objective: We describe some clinical and medical aspects in comparison with the surgical approach to giant infantile hemangioma of the scalp. Methods: The indications to treatment are discussed. An outcome basis evaluation, by reviewing some clinical cases, is provided to help readers better understand when and how to undergo surgery safely. Conclusion: Early excision of huge infantile hemangioma of the scalp is the treatment of choice if feasible within 5 months of age.
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