Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity after allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Antiviral therapies are associated with toxicity and high economic burden. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify allo-HSCT HCMV-seropositive recipients at low risk of clinically significant HCMV infection who could avoid antiviral therapies. Sixty adult patients who underwent allo-HSCT were clustered in two groups: i) 22 (37%) spontaneously controlling HCMV reactivation (Controllers); ii) 38 (63%) developing clinically significant HCMV infection and receiving pre-emptive therapy (Non-Controllers). We analyzed several patient baseline characteristics, total/HCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts and their cytokine production (IFNγ, TNFα, IL2). Controllers presented a higher number of total/HCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells (P=0.001 and P=0.017 for total CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells respectively; P<0.001 for HCMV-specific T-cells) and a lower percentage of mono-functional IFNγ-producing HCMV-specific CD8+ T-cells (P=0.002). In bi-variable models, the prognostic impact of the percentage of mono-functional HCMV-specific CD8+ T-cells on treatment-free survival, adjusted for total/HCMVspecific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells, was confirmed. An HCMV-seronegative donor was the only baseline characteristic associated with a clinically significant infection. These data, when confirmed by a larger prospective study, may provide information for guiding the personalized management of HCMV infection in allo-HSCT recipients.
- Allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- Cytokine profile
- Human cytomegalovirus infection
- T cell analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases