A prospective, randomized pilot trial was conducted in naive patients comparing three different combinations: zidovudine+lamivudine+lopinavir/ ritonavir (arm A) versus tenofovir+lamivudine+efavirenz (arm B) versus tenofovir+didanosine+efavirenz (arm C). HIV-RNA slope (days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28) was slower in arm C with respect to arm B (P0-24 values were lower in arm C with respect to arm B, especially in patients who failed early. A high virological failure rate after tenofovir+didanosine+efavirenz correlated with a slower HIV-RNA decrease and a peculiar accumulation of resistance mutations. A constellation of factors could be correlated with early failure events in patients receiving this combination such as resistance mutations or polymorphisms present at baseline, low CD4+ T-cell count or advanced disease and unexpectedly low efavirenz plasma levels.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
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