Primary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of the lung is a rare tumor that preferentially affects Asian patients, with only 15 cases described in Caucasians to date. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is present in most lung LELCs in Asians, but it has never been shown in Caucasians. EBV small nuclear RNA and latent membrane protein-1 were identified in the neoplastic cells of primary LELC of the lung diagnosed by endobronchial biopsy in a 25-year-old Italian male. Despite advanced locoregional disease, with neoplastic infiltration of the main right bronchus, the carina, and the pulmonary artery, which prevented surgical resection, partial response and 1-year symptom-free follow-up were achieved after combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Epstein-Barr virus small nuclear RNA
- Latent membrane protein 1
- Pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine