EBV DNA increase in COVID-19 patients with impaired lymphocyte subpopulation count

S Paolucci, Irene Cassaniti, Federica Novazzi, L Fiorina, A Piralla, G Comolli, Raffaele Bruno, Renato Maserati, Roberto Gulminetti, Stefano Novati, Francesco Mojoli, Fausto Baldanti, Raffaele Bruno, M Mondelli, E Brunetti, A Di Matteo, E Seminari, L Maiocchi, V Zuccaro, L PagnuccoB Mariani, S Ludovisi, R Lissandrin, A Parisi, P Sacchi, SFA Patruno, G Michelone, Roberto Gulminetti, D Zanaboni, Stefano Novati, R Maserati, P Orsolini, M Vecchia, M Sciarra, E Asperges, M Colaneri, A Di Filippo, M Sambo, S Biscarini, M Lupi, S Roda, TC Pieri, I Gallazzi, M Sachs, P Valsecchi, S Perlini, C Alfano, M Bonzano, F Briganti, G Crescenzi, AG Falchi, R Guarnone, B Guglielmana, E Maggi, I Martino, P Pettenazza, S Pioli di Marco, F Quaglia, A Sabena, F Salinaro, F Speciale, I Zunino, M De Lorenzo, G Secco, L Dimitry, G Cappa, I Maisak, B Chiodi, M Sciarrini, B Barcella, F Resta, L Moroni, G Vezzoni, L Scattaglia, E Boscolo, C Zattera, MF Tassi, V Capozza, D Vignaroli, M Bazzini, G Iotti, Francesco Mojoli, M Belliato, L Perotti, S Mongodi, G Tavazzi, G Marseglia, A Licari, I Brambilla, D Barbarini, A Bruno, P Cambieri, G Campanini, C. Cavanna, G Comolli, M Corbella, R Daturi, M Furione, P Marone, E Monzillo, S Paolucci, M Parea, E Percivalle, A Piralla, F Rovida, A Sarasini, M Zavattoni, G Adzasehoun, M Ardizzone, L Bellotti, V Brunco, E Cabano, G Casali, L Capella, D Devitis, L Dossena, G Frisco, G Garbagnoli, F Gardellini, A Girello, A Guerrizio, V Landini, C Lucchelli, V Maliardi, P Piemontese, S Pezzaia, M Premoli, C Rebuffa, C Zanello, J Bagnarino, F Bergami, A Bonetti, G Caneva, Irene Cassaniti, A Corcione, R Di Martino, A Di Napoli, A Ferrari, G Ferrari, L Fiorina, A Gallone, F Giardina, A Girardi, A Mercato, C Merla, F Novazzi, G Ratano, B Rossi, G Saveriaempillai, IM Sciabica, M Tallarita, E Vecchio Nepita, J Vitali, A Cerino, S Varchetta, B Oliviero, S Mantovani, D Mele, M Calvi, M Tizzoni, C Nicora, A Triarico, V Petronella, C Marena, A Muzzi, P Lago, S Cutti, V Novelli, F Comandatore, G BatistiBiffignandi, S Gaiarsa, M Rettani, C Bandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives The immunologic profile and opportunistic viral DNA increase were monitored in Italian patients with COVID-19 in order to identify markers of disease severity. Methods A total of 104 patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were evaluated in the study. Of them, 42/104 (40.4%) were hospitalized in an intensive care unit (ICU) and 62/104(59.6%) in a sub-intensive care unit (SICU). Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Parvovirus B19 and Human Herpesvirus 6 virus reactivations were determined by real-time PCR, and lymphocyte subpopulation counts were determined by flow cytometry. Results Among opportunistic viruses, only EBV was consistently detected. EBV DNA was observed in 40/42 (95.2%) of the ICU patients and in 51/61 (83.6%) of the SICU patients. Comparing the two groups of patients, the EBV DNA median level among ICU patients was significantly higher than that observed in SICU patients. In parallel, a significant reduction of CD8 T cell and NK count in ICU patients as compared with SICU patients was observed (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-319
Number of pages5
JournalInt. J. Infect. Dis.
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • EBV DNA
  • Lymphocyte subpopulation

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