Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) are zoonoses of great medical and veterinary importance, caused by Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, respectively. The life cycle of these parasites develops between the dog and other canids, which harbor the adult tapeworm in the intestine, and mammal intermediate hosts (including humans as dead-end occasional hosts) where the larval form, or metacestode, develops in different organs. The impact of CE and AE on human health is important, with an estimated 1.2 million people affected and 3.6 million DALYs lost globally for CE and 666,434 DALYs for AE. We describe epidemiology, host's immune response to parasite, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of both CE and AE.
|Title of host publication||Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health|
|Number of pages||48|
|ISBN (Print)||9783709117828, 370911781X, 9783709117811|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)